He is commonly referred to and addressed as Mies, his surname. He was born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies on March 27, 1886 in Aachen, Germany.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, along with Walter Gropius and Le Corbusier, are widely regarded as the pioneering masters of Modern architecture. Mies, like many of his post World War I contemporaries, sought to establish a new architectural style that could represent modern times just as Classical and Gothic did for their own eras. He created an influential twentieth century architectural style, stated with extreme clarity and simplicity.
His mature buildings made use of modern materials such as industrial steel and plate glass to define interior spaces. He strived towards an architecture with a minimal framework of structural order balanced against the implied freedom of free-flowing open space. He called his buildings “skin and bones” architecture. He sought a rational approach that would guide the creative process of architectural design. He is often associated with the aphorisms “less is more” and “God is in the details”.
The building in the Google doodle in honour of Ludwig Mies is the Crown Hall at the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago that houses its College of Architecture.
The Crown Hall, constructed between 1950-56, is considered to be one of Mies’ masterpieces. The building made of glass, expressed steel frames is said to be a significant example of the 20th Century Modernist movement.
In addition to the Crown Hall, other prominent buildings designed by Mies include Farnsworth House (Plano, Illinois), 860-880 Lake Shore Drive Apartments (Chicago), Seagram Building (New York City), Museum of Fine Arts (Houston) and Neue Nationalgalerie (Berlin). Ludwig Mies died on August 17, 1969 in Chicago at the age of 83.